How to Protect Yourself from UV rays (Sun)
Sunlight is the main source of UV rays, but you don’t have to avoid the sun completely. And it would be unwise to stay inside if it would keep you from being active because physical activity is important for good health. But getting too much sun can be harmful.
4 steps you can take to limit your exposure to UV rays.
- Sunglasses should be worn year-round, and not just in the summer. Make sure to check the label of a pair of sunglasses before you buy it. Any sunglasses you wear should block 99 to 100% of UVA and UVB light
- If you have a purse your backpack you carry, try storing your sunglasses in there. This way, you may be more likely to remember to throw them on before leaving your home.
Choose a sunscreen with a safe SPF
- Go for a sunscreen of at least SPF 30.
- Apply sunscreen 30 minutes before going outside so your skin has time to absorb it.
- If you have cancer or pre-cancer, get a sunscreen with SPF 45 or higher.
Wear clothing that covers more skin
- You should go for long-sleeved shirts and long pants to protect yourself from the sun.
- Some clothing actually comes with ultraviolet protection and is marked with an ultraviolet protection factor (UPF). A UPF of at least 50 only allows one-fiftieth of UVB rays to reach your skin.
- During warmer months, longer clothing may be uncomfortable. During these months, be extra vigilant about applying sunscreen to any exposed areas of your body.
- Babies under the age of 6 months should never be in direct sunlight and should always wear a hat and clothing that protects them from UV rays.
Seek shade between 10 AM and 4 PM
- During these hours, the sun is at its peak. You’re most likely to get skin damage during this time of day
- Limit your exposure to the sun during these hours, especially if you have sensitive skin.
- You should wear sunscreen each time you go out during the day, even when it’s overcast.